Beyond Good and Evil

Considered a essential work for anyone interested in philosophy.

Though he famously dismisses Christianity as a slave morality, his bigger questions are: What are values as such? How do we come by them? How do they show up in our behavior, and our science, our art, and in the way we do philosophy itself. Which values might we get beyond and no longer believe in, and what might we replace them with?

Such questions have been asked by many philosopher’s, but Nietzshe takes things a lot further: Is suffering really bad? Is compassion really good? Is self-denial a form of seeking power? Is seeking power bad? Is truth good? Are truths always a kind of error?

The book is also about human possibility and potential. When we go beyond morality and modernity, where does that leave the individual? We’ll find out why why Nietzsche’s philosophy of the ‘will to power’ might fuel success, yet also be dangerous if in the wrong hands.

Christopher Janaway

Intrinsic Morality

In his book “How the Mind Works”, Steven Pinker uses the computational theory of mind to explain how the mind works, which states that the mind operates like a computer. This coupled with Darwinian thought explains how we developed an intrinsic morality. It appears that Jung also agrees morality is intrinsic to us humans, not requiring some religous doctrine for morality.

It should never be forgotten that morality was not brought down on tablets of stone from Sinai and imposed upon the people, but is a function of the human soul, as old as humanity itself. Morality is not imposed from the outside; we have it in ourselves from the start – not the law, but our moral nature without which the collective life of human society would be impossible. This is why morality is found at all levels of society. It is the instinctive regulator of action which also governs the collective life of the herd.

Carl Jung